August 2015 Entries


Why do you need dental implants?

08/02/15

The loss of only one or several teeth leads to many serious problems in the process of chewing which ultimately affects many other functions of the body. In addition, this occurrence results in aesthetic problems too and creates numerous inconveniences in everyday communication. Although all these problems are very serious one other bigger problem that is often foreseen is located in the jaw bone – its disappearance due to loss of teeth.

Without one or more teeth which thanks to their chewing function protect the jaw bone, we will witness a gradual bone loss. Since this bone is actually used as a surface of the face, as the bone disappears the muscle mass in this area begins to change and we can expect to see the typical characteristics of the aging process. As previously mentioned, we can also expect aesthetic and functional problems too.

One of the main functions of dental implants is to stop the process of bone loss.

The conventional method for compensation of lost teeth like bridges and crowns or partial or complete dentures can solve this problem only temporarily and partially. In order to set up bridges, it is necessary to involve the tooth in front and the tooth behind the empty space as carriers which in most cases means sacrificing completely healthy teeth. On the other hand, these interventions will solve the problem of chewing function and aesthetics, but the bone in the area of extracted tooth is still not stimulated by chewing, so it will keep disintegrating.

By getting implants in place of lost teeth you will not only preserve the surrounding teeth, but you will also disperse the forces generated by chewing to the jaw bone and prevent its deterioration. Since these implants behave very similar to natural teeth many dentists consider this option to be the best choice in case of replacement of lost teeth. Dental implants can be installed to all persons in which the process of development and growth is finished and in which (according to the dentist’s expert opinion) all other conditions are met.

The procedure of compensation of lost teeth with dental implants can be divided into several phases:

- Treatment plan that includes clinical examination

- Implant surgical procedure

- Placing crowns and bridges

Proper oral hygiene upon their installation is very important. That’s why you need to listen to your dentist’s advice and schedule regular check-ups. 

 

A Few Things Everyone Should Know About Teeth Whitening 

08/23/15

Teeth whitening is one of the most common dental procedures today and it seems that more and more patients are interested in it.

One of the main reasons for teeth whitening is to get better appearance of the teeth. Both completely healthy and partially healthy teeth can be whitened and this procedure is often performed when patients want to adjust the color of natural teeth with their new veneers and crowns. In addition, it is not unusual to experience a phenomenon called tetracycline teeth. This phenomenon leads to greyed out teeth due to use of specific antibiotics during pregnancy. So-called dead teeth or teeth where the nerve is removed can become dark over some period of time. This is when patients look for help from their dentist. They either want to perform individual whitening or the discoloration of the teeth encourages them to try complete teeth whitening.

The process of teeth whitening consists of the application of specially designed gels on the tooth’s surface. These special gels have the ability to penetrate the enamel and whiten the dentin itself which leads to changing of the color of teeth. As we all know, the enamel is transparent and dentin is fully responsible for the color of the teeth. The gel is based on carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide and can be found in different concentrations. This gel is applied in the dentist’s office and it is activated by laser in order to speed up the process.

Since teeth whitening can be quite painful, in some cases dentists need to use anesthesia as well as some strong painkillers. In addition, patients should be prepared to increased tooth sensitivity that will last for days after the procedure is finished. Sometimes it is necessary to repeat the whitening procedure and working on tetracycline teeth can be a real challenge even for experienced dentists. Dead tooth whitening is also complicated. They usually require more treatments.

So, before choosing this treatment you need to ask yourself how much do you want to whiten your teeth and are you prepared for the pain that accompanies this procedure?

Of course, there are patients who can withstand intense pain without any problems, but there are also many people who leave the treatment before it is finished.

Teeth whitening is a cosmetic intervention. It doesn’t affect our health although there might be a feeling of discomfort when the procedure is finished, but once it is finished, the patient will definitely look more attractive. 

 

An introduction to malocclusion of the teeth  

08/30/15

Even ancient Egyptians and ancient Assyrians had physicians who were exclusively engaged in oral and dental problems and diseases. On the skulls found in prehistoric archaeological sites, archeologists have found primitive humans with teeth that are irregularly aligned. The first interventions in such cases included extraction of some teeth.

Later, people have come to the conclusion that the use of force which means the pressure on the tooth, leads to its correction from the irregular position. Over time people have come to few more new discoveries. Today, we know that it is possible to correct any tooth that has grown irregularly and place it in a completely proper position. Of course, in order to do that, you will need to use the help of a professional dentist.

The teeth that have not emerged in a timely manner or have not emerged at all can be placed in the right position with the help of some special techniques. However, we should point out that the correction of teeth is only part o the therapy which also includes proper chewing, swallowing and speaking.

In addition, an orthodontist or a dentist specialized in this specific branch of dentistry, by strengthening the teeth and aligning proper jaw position establishes a harmony of the face. In other words, by providing proper teeth alignment, dentists actually help patients solve some psycho-social problems that are often present in such patients. Once the procedure is finished, patients have the opportunity to laugh without spasm of muscles and without tightening the lips, something that they have practiced before in order to hide malocclusion or improper alignment of teeth. The hand that was used to cover the smile won’t be necessary once the treatment is over. This contributes to the proper development of young individuals. They can expect more stable personality and increased self-confidence. Besides that, this intervention will also reduce the risk of developing caries and periodontal disease. Tooth loss is also postponed which also contributes to the aesthetic appearance and of course, it also affects the budget of the patient. Improper and insufficient chewing of food, which is often a consequence of improperly arranged teeth and jaw alignment, may result in digestive disorders.

Finally, it is good to point out that there are two main causes that lead to malocclusion. The first group of causes is general causes like diseases, malnutrition, heritage and endocrine dysfunction. The second group includes local causes like tooth or jaw trauma, jaw disease etc.